Did you know that Mivan shuttering can leave behind traditional ways of construction? Most real estate developers and Indian homebuyers may shy away from Mivan technology, but if problems like project delays and a lack of skilled workforce need to be addressed, it is time the Indian real estate sector tried its hand at Mivan construction. In Mivan, walls and slabs are cast simultaneously at the site by using easy-going lightweight aluminium shuttering formwork. Mivan system is much faster than the traditional beam, column, and brick construction. Thus, in the debate Mivan construction vs brick construction, Mivan comes out on top as being faster.
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Let us explore what Mivan formwork actually means, and how it is helpful in the realty space.
You must know this; Mivan shuttering is a fast-paced construction technology that offers strength and durability to a building by use of aluminium formworks. Mivan shuttering which is being promoted for its ability to aid mass construction activity has blown up since the onset of the pandemic, as housing demand has increased. Mivan shuttering rate ranges from Rs. 8000 – Rs.9000 per sqm. without any taxes. The cost varies and depends on the repletion of formwork, more repetition reduces the cost per sqm. well, generally the area is calculated in terms of square meters for the Mivan slabs.
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Mivan is a quality aluminium structure developed by a European construction company known as Mivan Company Ltd. In 1990, the company from Malaysia began manufacturing these formwork systems. This innovative form of work is actually suitable for constructing houses in large quantities at a faster speed. The speed of construction needs to be given greater importance, especially for large housing projects or township projects. In order to respond to these unusual challenges in terms of time, cost and quality, the real estate industry has come up with a smart method of construction known as the “MIVAN formwork system”. There are a number of buildings in Mumbai that are being constructed with the help of Mivan technology, which has been declared economical as well as satisfying for the overall Indian real estate market.
Mivan technology has been used widely in Europe, Asia, Gulf Countries, and other parts of the globe. It is suitable for constructing a large number of houses in a short period of time using room-size forms to construct walls and slabs in one constant pour on concrete.
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What exactly is Mivan Technology?
A European building company created the aluminium formwork technology known as Mivan. In 1990, the Mivan construction business in Malaysia began producing these formwork systems. The Mivan technology has been widely applied throughout the world, including in Europe, the Gulf States, Asia, and other regions. More than 30,000 square metres of formwork from Mivan Co. Ltd. are currently in use around the globe. In India, the aluminium formwork system is a relatively new invention. It reduces costs, saves time, and raises building quality. L&T used it for the first time in India in 2003 for the construction of both low and high-rise residences and buildings in its projects in Mumbai, Delhi, and South India (Bangalore).
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Residential buildings and mass housing projects both frequently use the MIVAN system of aluminium shapes. For repeating building patterns and work above the plinth, aluminium formwork is highly economical. The aluminium formwork panels can be made to fit any building condition or component, including distinctive architectural features like bay windows, stairs, and balconies. This technology is highly remarkable since there is no need for block or brickwork and every component of a structure, including the slabs, beams, walls, columns, staircases, balconies, and specific window hood, is made of concrete. When durability is a major concern, it produces work that is of the highest quality and requires the least amount of upkeep.
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Mivan Formwork panels of exceptional quality provide consistent dimensions. A high-quality concrete finish is generated with precise tolerances and verticality once the formwork mould is removed. There is no need for additional plastering because of the great tolerance of the finish. Construction with columns and beams is dropped. Pre-engineered aluminium forms that are precisely constructed, lightweight, and easy to handle are used to cast walls and slabs simultaneously. assembling and erecting the shuttering part, and cementing the slabs and walls together.
Using room-size forms to build walls and slabs in one continuous pour on concrete, Mivan technology is perfect for building a large number of dwellings in a short amount of time while guaranteeing a High-Quality Column. Cast-in-situ concrete walls and floor slabs that are cast monolithically supply the structural structure in this technique of formwork construction. to enable quick construction. Compounds that are heated to cure or cure under hot air can remove forms more quickly. On-site forms for the walls and floor slabs are built to the size of large rooms. These accurate, durable, and manageable shapes are tough and sturdy. They enable several repetitions (around 250).
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Concrete is made in RMC batching facilities under stringent quality control, and transit mixers are used to transport it to the site. Before pouring the concrete, the windows, doors, and service duct frames are installed in the form. The structure also incorporates pre-fabricated items like chajjas, jails, façade panels, staircase flights, etc. When compared to other contemporary construction methods, this demonstrates to be a significant advantage. The system was carefully built and made of aluminium. The formwork system’s modular design makes it simple to fix and remove the forms, and the construction may move along quickly with very little variation in dimensional tolerances. The system is extremely adaptable and is simple to modify for any changes in the layout.
Mivan Technology and Its Uses in India
Mivan technology has not been used widely in India but is very popular in Gulf countries, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Its use is being preferred in India to complete the most challenging government scheme –Housing for All by 2022.
Major Components of Mivan Formwork
Mivan Formwork components are divided into 4 types based on the location of use: –
1. For Wall Components
- Wall Panel, d) Rocker, c) Kickers, and d) Stub Pin
2. Beam Components
- Beam Side Panel, b) Prop Head and panel for Soffit Beam
3. Deck Components
- Deck Panels, b) Deck Prop and Prop Length, c) Soffit Length
4. Other Components
The other elements used to exclude the wall, beam, and deck parts are internal and external soffit corners, exterior and interior edges for wall panels.
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Mivan Construction Versus Conventional Formwork
|Parameter||Mivan system||Regular formwork|
|Speed of development||7 days/floor||Minimum 21 days/floor|
|Quality of surface finish||Excellent||Putting is required|
|Pre-planning of formwork system||Required||Not required|
|Type of construction||Cast-in-situ cellular construction||Simple RCC|
|Wastage||Very little||Comparatively higher|
|Accuracy in construction||Accurate||Accuracy lesser than modern systems|
|Coordination between offices||Essential||Not required|
|Seismic resistance||Good resistance||Comparatively lesser|
|Dismantling floor piece frames without expelling props||Possible||Impossible|
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mivan Shuttering
- Mivan Formwork requires relatively less labour
- Faster completion of floors
- Lesser number of joints and reduced leakages
- Smooth finishing of wall and slab
- Low maintenance
- More seismic resistance
- Huge carpet area
- Good quality construction work
- Faster completion
- No need for plastering
Disadvantages of Mivan construction system
- High initial cost: The equipment and formwork required for Mivan construction can be expensive, leading to higher initial costs for projects.
- Limited design flexibility: The system is based on pre-fabricated Mivan shuttering components, which can limit the design options available for a project.
- Limited to certain types of buildings: The Mivan system is primarily used for high-rise buildings and large-scale projects, and may not be suitable for smaller or more complex structures.
- Dependence on skilled labour: Proper installation of the Mivan system requires skilled labour, which can be difficult to find and can increase labour costs.
- Limited to certain regions: The Mivan system is not widely used outside of India and Southeast Asia, which can make it difficult to find contractors with experience in using the system.
- Initial setup takes time.
- Leakage issues like seepage, leakages during monsoon.
Area of Use of Mivan Construction Technology
Mivan technology is preferred for constructing a large number of houses in a limited period of time without any trouble. This technology also makes use of room-size structures to construct slabs and walls. It permits shuttering for both slabs and columns in construction. Walls of huge room size, as well as floor slabs, are done right through this kind of Mivan shuttering. They are extremely sturdy and strong forms and are constructed with the utmost accuracy plus it is easy to manage.
The Key Uses of Mivan Shuttering
- Easy to operate within less time
- Includes the 3S scheme of construction to give strength, safety, and speed.
- Slabs and walls are easily formed in one consistent development.
- Assembling and fitting the part of shuttering.
- Beam construction and column are removed.
- Construction of slabs and walls in a simultaneous way.
The Main Features of Mivan Formwork
The major features of Mivan Formwork are given below:
- Load Carrying Capacity
- Striking Time
- Cycle Time
Construction Techniques of Mivan Formwork
There are three unique construction techniques:
This is used to give structure to the building and hold the concrete until they gain 50% of the required strength. The aluminium formwork is set around the factory-made steel mesh which is instantly built on the construction site.
Placement of Aluminium Formwork
Along with the wall strengthening steel, room-sized walls and structured floor slabs are built. The aluminium metal slabs are very easy to handle and are also very accurately made. The pin and spearhead system is used to combine these structures, these can be instantly destroyed once the concrete structure is ready.
Pouring of Concrete
After the forms are shaped, high-quality concrete is poured into the structure. The cast is later removed to make way for a hard-concrete structure backed by wall strengthening steel. These aluminium bodies can be reused for nearly 250 times, which means minimum wastage from the construction site.
Limitations of Mivan Formwork:
- Even though there are so many advantages of Mivan formwork the limitations can’t be ignored:
- Services after completing become somewhat difficult due to the small breadth of components.
- It requires consistent planning as well as consistent elevations to be cost-effective.
- Due to box-type construction, shrinkage cracks are possible.
- It is set in design once placed, as any change later becomes difficult.
A kind of aluminium formwork, Mivan shuttering has travelled across the globe and proved to be an economical variant to the traditional method of construction which is labour-intensive and time-taking. Mivan construction is economical when it is a large construction. The use of bricks is totally eliminated and all the components, that is beams, walls, slabs, staircases, etc., is made of concrete. Just like modular kitchens have replaced the traditional ones lending greater space efficiency, aesthetic appeal and time-saving, Mivan formwork has helped the real estate sector with easy assembling and quicker construction. So, the decision is yours on how you would like your house to be built, but know this, no matter what you decide, we at NoBrokers can guide you throughout. You can start your home search by clicking the link below, if you need help you can even drop us a comment below.
FAQs – Mivan Construction Technology
Ans. A kind of aluminium formwork, Mivan shuttering is an economical and faster way of construction, and it is slowly becoming popular in India.
Ans. Mivan shuttering is carried out by a skilled workforce that can assemble the aluminium formwork, pour concrete and remove the formwork all at the right time so that the construction is durable.
Ans. Formwork is the process of building a temporary mould. At a later stage, concrete is placed into it and the structure is formed. Traditional formwork is fabricated using timber, but it can also be constructed from aluminium, steel and other materials.
Ans. The Mivan system offers several advantages, including faster construction times, less labour required, improved safety, and higher-quality finished products. It also allows for the creation of complex architectural designs and the use of a variety of finishes on the exterior and interior of the building.
Ans. The Mivan system is suitable for a wide range of structures, including residential buildings, commercial buildings, hotels, hospitals, schools, and more.
4 thoughts on “Mivan Technology, Heard of It? Don’t Worry, We’re Here to Tell You All About It!”
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